Sexual Violence in the “People’s War” (2006)

Sexual Violence in the “People’s War” (2006)

Institute of Human Rights Communication, Nepal (IHRICON) conducted a study on “Sexual violence in the people’s war: the impact of militarism on women and girls in Nepal” on last July- December 2006. That research was taken place in Banke, Bardia, Doti, Achham and Rolpa districts, where conflict was rooted deeply since starting period.

This publication is a result of one of IHRICON’s action oriented research projects, offered to the immediate stakeholders and others, to increase awareness on, Gender Based Violence during the conflict in Nepal, and to share the information to all.

The research has been successful only because of those young women sharing their experiences, which was very painful and shameful in their lives. The research was very successful only because of the local organization’s help to find the places and people.

Sexual abuse is defined as any activity in which some body uses a child or adult in a sexual way.  This ranges from relatively milder forms such as touching, fondling, using vulgar or offensive words to severe forms like rape. It has been found that any type of conflict increases women and girls’ vulnerability to sexual abuse and violence and armed conflict particularly increases more vulnerability.

The major objective of this research was to identify the magnitude of sexual violence against girls and women during armed conflict in Nepal and the impact of the sexual violence on women and girls. Information has been collected on a sample basis from 5 heavily conflict-affected districts through individual interview with the abused girls and women and also through discussion with their friends, family as well as community members.

This study has identified that during people’s war, women’s and girls’ human rights have been gravely violated by abusing them sexually, physically and psychologically. Instances of child marriage had increased; false marriage and forced marriages had taken place; different forms of sexual abuse such as verbal, touching/fondling and rape cases had taken place as a consequence of militarization in the country. Such crimes were committed by both warring parties but more cases were found to be committed by the security forces. As a result, an irreparable damage has been caused to the women and girls especially to their social and psychological aspects.

This report aims to identify the incidence of rape and sexual violence amongst young women and girls in Nepal in the vicinity of Maoist and security forces barracks and assess its consequences.  It is based on action research undertaken in Banke, Bardiya, Jumla, Rolpa, and Accham

The primary objective of this action research, conducted through focus group discussions and individual interviews with victims, is to identify the incidence of sexual violence during the armed conflict and the impacts this has had on women and girls.  During the period of this research, research was undertaken with various groups including community leaders and respected village elders of the village, women’s groups in the community, girls and youth groups and child clubs, teachers, families of victims and the victims themselves.

This report is being produced with a view to generate information for developing and strengthening IHRICON and other organisations’ programs to address these issues of sexual violence.

Download : Sexual Violence in the People’s War